Lisbon Treaty

The Lisbon Treaty: new powers for the Committee of the Regions

Since its creation in 1994 under the Maastricht Treaty, the Committee of the Regions (CoR) has been constantly evolving. Its role has been strengthened, firstly by the Amsterdam Treaty in 1997 and then by the Lisbon Treaty in 2009.

The Lisbon Treaty: What has changed for the CoR?

  • Involvement throughout the EU legislative process: mandatory consultation of the CoR at all stages of the legislative process, by the European Commission, the Council of Ministers or the European Parliament.
  • Increased scope for involvement in EU decision-making, adding civil protection, climate change, energy and services of general interest to the areas designated for the Committee in previous Treaties.
  • Extension of the CoR's term of office from 4 to 5 years, bringing it into line with the European Parliament's term.
  • The right to bring actions before the Court of Justice if the appropriate mandatory consultation in the legislative process has been ignored, or if due regard has not been given to the principle of subsidiarity.

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